English proverb of the day

"The negative side of the American Dream comes when people pursue success at any cost, which in turn destroys the vision and the dream "

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  • Topic of this Week: "Social networking: How easy and how difficult? (July 18, 2021)"

    Please refer to the steps below to join the discussion:
    1. Download the Discord app either on mobile phone or using web based on laptop https://discordapp.com
    2. Register an account
    3. Join the room chat https://discord.gg/dDPbMZa
    The online discussion will start at 3.00pm and close at 5.00pm on Sunday 18th, July 2021.
     
    Social networking: How easy and how difficult?
    (The topic was once discussed on 19th August 2016)
     

    Every time you meet someone, you are networking. Every time you pick up the phone, you are networking. Every time you send an e-mail, you are networking. Every time you engage someone in conversation, you are networking. Every time you write a note, you are networking. Every time you attend a meeting or join a social club like Advance English club, you are networking.
    Yes, we are all networkers although some of us may be more effective than others; some may enjoy it more than others, and some do it with purpose while others only wander aimlessly through the process. The fact is like it or not, successful networking is essential for greater profits and increased business. Study the biography of any successful person and you can see how key relationships accelerated their growth.
    However, for many of us, it is not easy to develop a relationship from scratch especially when we want to connect with more successful and influential people. For people who are not naturally outgoing, things can be even more challenging. So, what should we do to become successful networkers? what are the best strategies to build a strong social network? Let’s join our discussion to explore the topic in detail.
    Questions for discussion:
    1. How many close friends do you have?
    2. Is it better to have few friends or many friends? How many good friends should a person have?
    3. What should shy people do to meet new friends or increase their social network?
    4. Situations:
    a. You want to get the attention of people who are more successful than you are. What should you do to network with those “celebrities” like a champ?
    b.You want to reach potential new clients or recruit new employees. What should you do to connect with them effectively?
    Suggested by Nguyen Van Luc

     

     
     

     Enjoy and have a fruitful discussion!

     

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    language concept 3

    (02:26:02 AM 26/03/2014)

     

    Non sequitur

     

    non sequitur is when you say something that's not related to the topic of conversation. For example, if you're having a conversation with a friend about work and then she suddenly says:

    love cheese.

    That's a non sequitur.

    People usually try to avoid non sequiturs in conversation, but as an English learner you will probably say some things that don't fit the conversation from time to time. For example, someone might ask:

    How're you doing?

    But you might misunderstand the question as "What are you doing?" and answer:

    I'm drinking a coffee.

    Some people also say non sequiturs to be funny. Not everyone agrees that this is a funny type of joke.

    Objects

     

    What are objects?

    The "object" of a sentence is a noun which usually comes after the verb in English. Here are some examples:

    love you.

    Did you pay the rent?

    The object receives the action of the verb.

    Sometimes a sentence doesn't have an object:

    I want to rest!

    Not many men know how to cook well.

    Sometimes there are two objects in a sentence - a direct object and an indirect object. In this sentence, "you" is the direct object and "those flowers" is the idirect object:

    Who sent you those flowers?

    Why are objects important?

    Objects are important because each verb in English has an "expectation" when it comes to objects.

    Some verbs expect to have no object. These are called intransitive verbs. Examples include:

    • run
    • sleep
    • cry
    • wait
    • die
    • fall

    Other verbs expect to have a direct object or both a direct and indirect object. These are called transitive verbs. Examples include:

    • eat (something)
    • break (something)
    • cut (something)
    • make (something)
    • send (someone)(something)
    • give (someone)(something)

    It's important to know whether a verb expects to have an object or not! If you don't know, you'll make mistakes like:

    She's crying it.

    I broke.

    Some verbs are harder to pin down.

    The line between transitive and intransitive verbs is not always clear. There are a lot of verbs that are often used both transitively and intransitively, like:

    • eat
    • eat (something)

    However, it's usually possible to tell which version is more basic.

    Consider the example "eat". You can't eat without eating something. So "eat" is basicallya transitive verb which we sometimes use intransitively.

    Now think about the verb "send". You can use "send" with just a direct object:

    I sent an email.

    But "send" really expects two objects: one for the thing that someone sends, and another for the person who receives it:

    I sent her an email.

    Whenever you learn a new verb in English, pay attention to how it's used in sentences and try to figure out how many objects it "expects" to have.

    Perfect Aspect

     

    In the mind of an English speaker, there's a difference between talking about something that happened in the past and talking about something that has happened. The difference is whether there's an effect on the speaker right now:

    perfect aspect visualization

    Here's how English speakers imagine the simple past tense:

    simple past tense: I ate.

    It's just a fact - you ate at some time in the past. It doesn't have any connection to how you feel right now. But if you say "I've eaten", that expresses the idea that you ate something, and now you probably feel full. You probably don't want to eat another meal. The speaker is not only talking about the past action, but also about the present effect of that action:

    present perfect tense: I've eaten.

    The name for this way of speaking and understanding sentences is the "perfect aspect". Perfect aspect is used in a few different kinds of situations:

     

    1. Perfect Aspect for experiences

    Use "I've ___ed" when you're talking about an experience that you have. The event happened in the past, but the experience of it is still "with" you in some way. For example, you might say "I've seen the Rolling Stones in concert" or "He's been to L.A. twice":

    present perfect tense for experiences: He's been to L.A. twice

    If the experience wasn't meaningful, or it's not important for the conversation right now, you use the simple past tense instead:

    simple past tense: He went to L.A. twice

     

    2. Perfect Aspect for things that haven't finished

    When you're talking about something that started some time in the past and is stillhappening now, you can use "have ___ed". If it's already finished, use the simple past:

    present perfect: I've been waiting for him since 5:00.

    simple past: I waited for him for a few hours.

    When you say the time period for something, and that time period hasn't finished yet, you use "have ___ed" or "haven't ___ed":

    present perfect: I haven't seen her all day

    When the time has already finished, use the simple past tense:

    simple past: I didn't see her all day.

     

    3. Perfect Aspect for expectations

    When you expect someone to do something, you ask "Have you ___ed?". For example, if someone gives you the message that your brother called you, they might want to check later to see if you called your brother back. If the person wanted you to call back, and expected it, she'll say "Have you called him back?" If she doesn't care, she'll ask "Did you call him back?":

    Have you called him back?

     

     

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